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Myths and Misconceptions About Crypto

Dec 4, 2023
8 min read

This blog post will cover:

  • Evolution of Cryptocurrency
  • Myth 1: Cryptocurrencies are only for criminals
  • Myth 2: Cryptocurrencies have no intrinsic value
  • Myth 3: Cryptocurrencies are not secure
  • Myth 4: Cryptocurrencies are a ‘get rich quick’ scheme
  • Myth 5: Cryptocurrencies are not regulated
  • Final Thoughts

Cryptocurrency, a groundbreaking form of digital or virtual currency leveraging cryptography for security, has become a focal point in contemporary financial discussions. The allure of decentralization and the blockchain technology that underpins it has led to an influx of interest and investment. However, despite a rapidly developing domain and the enthusiasm around it, a large number of the population are still reluctant to engage with the subject due to various cryptocurrency myths and misconceptions. Today, we will aim to dissect and analyze some of the most prevalent of these points, as well as shed some light on the arguments people use against digital currencies. 

The importance of debunking the myths of blockchain and cryptocurrency is crucial. Misconceptions can lead to misguided decisions and actions, fostering an environment where cryptocurrency is misunderstood and potentially misused. Together, all of this results in more rumours and mysteries around the subject, and leads to more questions. 

Evolution of Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrency is a form of digital or virtual currency that relies on cryptographic techniques for its security. What sets it apart from traditional currencies is its decentralized nature — they operate on a technology called blockchain. Blockchain, a distributed ledger technology, ensures transparency, security, and immutability of transactions. The concept of cryptocurrency was first introduced by Wei Dai in 1998, envisioning a form of money that relies on cryptographic protocols. The real breakthrough came in 2009 with the creation of Bitcoin by the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin laid the foundation for a myriad of other cryptocurrencies, collectively known as altcoins, each with its unique features and use cases.

Since then, the journey of cryptocurrency has been marked by a series of milestones. Bitcoin, with its fixed supply of 21 million coins, challenged the traditional understanding of currency and store of value. The subsequent development of altcoins introduced variations in consensus mechanisms, transaction speeds, and privacy features. Ethereum, for instance, brought smart contracts into the spotlight, allowing for the creation of decentralized applications (DApps) on its blockchain. The evolution continues to this day, with ongoing efforts to address scalability issues, enhance privacy, and integrate with real-world assets. Understanding this evolutionary trajectory is crucial for grasping the diverse functionalities and changing the way we see crypto, as well as for successfully addressing the most common misconceptions about cryptocurrency.

Myth 1: Cryptocurrencies are only for criminals

A somewhat hilarious myth for advanced crypto users, that is still popular amongst those unfamiliar with it is that they are primarily a tool for illicit activities due to their pseudonymous nature. The belief that transactions are entirely anonymous has led to an association with criminal enterprises.


Contrary to popular belief, criminal activity represents only a fraction of the total cryptocurrency transactions. A 2020 study by Chainalysis revealed that illicit transactions accounted for approximately 2.1% of the total cryptocurrency transaction volume. This figure marked a slight increase from 2019, where it stood at 0.34%. This shows that while crypto assets can be used with bad intentions — overall, more often they serve various legitimate purposes. They facilitate secure and efficient cross-border transactions, offer financial inclusion to the unbanked, and provide a decentralized and censorship-resistant store of value.

Cryptocurrencies can be used for online purchases, offering a secure and borderless payment method. Investors worldwide are increasingly incorporating cryptocurrencies into their portfolios, recognizing them as an emerging asset class. In countries facing economic instability, cryptocurrencies serve as a more stable store of value than the local fiat. Therefore, the misconception that cryptocurrencies are solely for criminals overlooks the broad spectrum of legal and beneficial applications.

Myth 2: Cryptocurrencies have no intrinsic value

A prevailing notion is that digital assets lack intrinsic value since they are not backed by physical commodities like gold or silver. This misconception about cryptocurrencies stems from a misunderstanding of the concept of intrinsic value in the context of digital assets.


Intrinsic value refers to the inherent worth of an asset, independent of its market price. While traditional commodities like gold derive value from their physical properties, cryptocurrencies derive value from their underlying technology, utility, and scarcity. The intrinsic value of cryptocurrencies lies in the trust placed in the cryptographic protocols that secure them and the decentralized nature of blockchain technology.

Cryptocurrencies, especially Bitcoin, derive value from scarcity. With a capped supply of 21 million coins, Bitcoin's scarcity is akin to precious metals. The trust in the decentralized nature of blockchain ensures transparency and security, further contributing to their perceived value. Additionally, the utility of cryptocurrencies as a medium of exchange, especially in cross-border transactions, adds another layer to their intrinsic value.

Myth 3: Cryptocurrencies are not secure

Concerns about the security of cryptocurrencies arise from high-profile hacking incidents involving exchanges. The misconception assumes that the technology itself is vulnerable, undermining confidence in the entire ecosystem.


Contrary to this belief, blockchain technology, the backbone of cryptocurrencies, is inherently secure. Blockchain operates on a decentralized network of nodes, making it resistant to single points of failure. Each block in the chain contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, creating a tamper-evident record. The distributed nature of the ledger ensures that altering one block would require changing all subsequent blocks, a practically impossible feat.

To enhance security in cryptocurrency transactions, various measures are in place. Private keys, cryptographic keys that grant access to one's cryptocurrency holdings, are fundamental. Hardware wallets, physical devices that store private keys offline, provide an additional layer of security by mitigating the risk of online hacking. Two-factor authentication (2FA) further safeguards accounts, requiring users to provide two forms of identification before accessing their cryptocurrency holdings.

Myth 4: Cryptocurrencies are a ‘get rich quick’ scheme

Cryptocurrencies have often been portrayed as a shortcut to financial success, with stories circulating about individuals becoming 'Bitcoin millionaires.' This myth oversimplifies the complexities and risks associated with cryptocurrency investments. 


While stories of significant profits gather attention, the volatility of cryptocurrency markets introduces a considerable risk factor. The value of cryptocurrencies can experience rapid and unpredictable fluctuations, influenced by various factors such as market sentiment, regulatory developments, and technological advancements. The 'get rich quick' mindset neglects the necessity of a comprehensive understanding of the market dynamics and the associated risks.

For those considering cryptocurrency investments, responsible practices are paramount. Diversifying the investment portfolio helps spread risk across different assets, reducing exposure to the volatility of any single investment. Moreover, investing only what one can afford to lose serves as a fundamental principle, given the inherent uncertainties in the cryptocurrency market. Thorough research into specific projects, understanding their technology, use case, and the team behind them, is crucial for informed investment decisions.

Myth 5: Cryptocurrencies are not regulated

Another popular of the myths about cryptocurrency is that they operate in a legal grey area, outside the purview of government regulations. This belief undermines the legitimacy and potential mainstream adoption of cryptocurrencies.


Contrary to this myth, many countries have recognized the need for regulatory frameworks to govern cryptocurrency activities. The United States, Japan, South Korea, and numerous European countries have either implemented or are in the process of formulating regulations specific to cryptocurrencies. These regulations aim to address concerns related to investor protection, market integrity, and the prevention of illicit activities.

Regulatory bodies play a pivotal role in ensuring the responsible development and adoption of cryptocurrencies. While some regulations focus on protecting investors and preventing fraud, others aim to provide clarity on tax implications and define legal frameworks for businesses operating in the cryptocurrency space. Striking the right balance between fostering innovation and safeguarding users is an ongoing challenge for regulators.

Final Thoughts

After revisiting the biggest cryptocurrency myths, it becomes evident that dispelling misconceptions is essential for fostering a more accurate and responsible engagement with this technology. From debunking the notion that cryptocurrencies are solely for criminals to clarifying their intrinsic value and security measures, understanding the realities is paramount. The importance of ongoing education in the rapidly evolving cryptocurrency landscape cannot be overstated. With technological advancements, regulatory developments, and market dynamics continually shaping the industry, staying informed is crucial for making sound decisions. Educating oneself about the intricacies of blockchain technology, market trends, and potential risks is a fundamental step toward responsible engagement with cryptocurrencies.

As the cryptocurrency landscape continues to evolve, one is always encouraged to stay on top of the latest news, developments, and advancements in the field. Whether considering investments, exploring blockchain applications, or simply staying informed about the future of finance, continuous learning is the key to navigating the exciting and dynamic world of cryptocurrencies. By fostering a community of informed participants, we contribute to the responsible and sustainable growth of this transformative technology.

SimpleSwap reminds you that this article is provided for informational purposes only and does not provide investment advice. All purchases and cryptocurrency investments are your own responsibility.

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